According to new data analysis by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of Americans suffering from chronic kidney disease is higher than previously estimated and it affects nearly 15% of the U.S. adult population.
30 million people or one in seven American adults are estimated to have CKD. However, 96% of the population with early kidney disease i.e. stages 1 and 2 don’t even know that they have CKD. And 48% of those with severely reduced kidney function, (stage 4) but not on dialysis are also not aware of possessing the disease.
Kevin Longino, CEO, National Kidney Foundation and a kidney transplant patient said that, these new statistics from CDC should serve as a warning bell that a major public health challenge is right in front of our eyes and immediate steps should be taken to overcome it. Public awareness about the disease and advancing programs targeted towards prevention and early detection should be achieved with the help of additional federal resources allocation. Leaders in the health care industry should prioritize CKD as it is costly and impactful disease — if the diagnosis is done at the preliminary stage for someone with kidney disease the better would be their long-term outcomes, said Longino.
Women in comparison with men have more cases of CKD, (16% vs. 13%), but men are observed to progress towards end-stage renal disease (ESRD) 64% more likely than women i.e. the stage when kidneys stop working and need dialysis or a transplant just to stay alive.
An estimated 15% of Hispanics have CKD. When compared to non-Hispanics, Hispanics are 35% more likely to progress to ESRD.
CKD is probably more common in non-Hispanic blacks (18%) than in non-Hispanic whites (13%).
Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the CKD Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation was used for the study, which analyzed adults aged 18 years or older with CKD stages 1-5.
NKF said that this higher estimated number of Americans affected by chronic kidney disease, versus statistics previously reported by the National Kidney Foundation, is because of several factors which include differences in study time frames, methodologies, and populations, as well as an aging population and increased prevalence of risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension.
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